The large intestine is known as the colon. It is located at the lower area of your digestive tract. The small intestine, the colon and the rectum together form a long, tubular organ called the intestine. The digestion of food begins in the stomach after it is swallowed. In the next step, it empties into the small intestine and the absorption of the nutrients of the food takes place there. Through the colon, the remaining waste moves to the rectum and from there it gets expelled from the body.

If you are having an inflammatory bowel disease, polyps, colorectal cancer, colonic inertia and stricture of the colon, it indicates that you need a laparoscopic colon resection. The types of colon resection are right hemicolectomy, sigmoid colectomy, left hemicolectomy, total hemicolectomy and low anterior resection.

Laparoscopic Colon Resection

This technique helps a laparoscopic surgeon in Kolkata to perform various common colon procedures with the help of small incisions. After this surgery, patients are able to leave the hospital within a few days and resume normal activities quickly in comparison to patients who have undergone open surgery. The surgeons make 4-5 small openings in most laparoscopic colon resections and also watch images of the organs located there on a monitor while performing the procedure.

Preparations

Depending on your age and medical condition, there are some preparations before the laparoscopic colon resection. The preparations include chest x-ray, blood tests, medical evaluation and an EKG. You will need to give your consent before the surgery. The surgeon will fully explain to you the details of the operation and its risks and benefits. There can be a need for blood transfusion and/or blood products depending on your condition. You should completely empty your colon and rectum before the surgery. The surgeon will give you some antibiotics before the surgery. You cannot take certain drugs before the surgery. The surgeon will ask you not to eat or drink anything from midnight before the day of this surgery. You should arrange for any person for your support after the surgery.

The procedure

After making small incisions on your abdomen, the best laparoscopic surgeon in Kolkata will insert hollow tubes through them. Then he/she will insert a laparoscope, which is a special video camera through one of the tubes. This camera projects the images of your abdomen interior on a monitor. The surgeon can properly carry out the procedure by seeing these images. He/she uses the other tubes to insert the surgical instruments and remove a segment of the colon.

Advantages

The following are some advantages of laparoscopic surgery in Kolkata for colon resection:

  • Have less pain after the surgery
  • Cosmetically better,¬† less scar
  • Minimal blood loss
  • Have to stay in the hospital for a short time
  • Can quickly get back to solid-food diet
  • Can quickly resume bowel function
  • Can quickly return to normal activities
  • Equivalent & sometimes better oncological outcome ¬†than open colon resection surgeries for Cancer